Interstate Driver’s License Compact
A driver arrested on suspicion of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) in California who is licensed in another state, faces unique challenges because of the Interstate Driver’s License Compact (IDLC). The IDLC is an agreement by 45 states to share information about driving-related arrests and convictions. An experienced California drunk-driving defense attorney will advise whether the IDLC will affect a driver’s privileges in his or her home state.
Only five states – Wisconsin, Tennessee, Georgia, Massachusetts, and Michigan – are not part of the IDLC. The other 45 states have agreed to notify one another when a driver is arrested or convicted of DUI / DWI. This means that an individual arrested for drunk-driving in California may face a suspended license and/or a fine in the state that issued the driver’s license.
California Driving Under the Influence (DUI) arrests trigger two separate cases – one with the court and one with the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). When a driver is arrested for drunk-driving in California, the state DMV automatically begins the process of suspending the driver’s privileges in a process known as Administrative Per Se (APS). The driver has only 10 days from the date of arrest to request a DMV APS Hearing. If no hearing is requested, the license will automatically be suspended.
How that suspension affects the driver’s privileges in his or her home state depends on whether that state recognizes and acts upon administrative suspensions from another state, in this case California. Some states are completely reciprocal, meaning that if California suspends a driver’s license for four months, the licensing state will do the same.
Other states will only recognize or take action after being notified of a DUI / DWI court conviction rather than a DMV action. Among the states that will only act upon a court conviction, some will only take action if the burden of obtaining a criminal conviction in the other state is equal to the home state. Some states may add additional penalties, and some will impose fewer consequences than California.
The good news for DUI drivers licensed in states that belong to the Interstate Driver’s License Compact is that despite promises to notify one another about driving-related crimes, communication between the states remains poor. If California never communicates the driver’s loss of driving privileges to the licensing state, no other action will be taken. If the driver’s home state takes no action to rescind privileges, the driver still holds a valid driver’s license, and can continue to drive legally in every state except California.
Although a California drunk-driving arrest can create problems for an out-of-state driver in his or her home state, that’s not always the case. A California lawyer experienced in defending DUI / DWI cases for out-of-state drivers can explain how the Interstate Driver’s License Compact will affect a driver’s privileges both in California and in his or her licensing state.
|NRVC – This is a list of the Non-resident Violator Compact… A list of states that communicate with one another if you get a ticket out of your home state.||DLC – This is a list of states that belong to the Driver License Compact. An agreement between these states basically says that you have only ONE driver’s license record.|
|DLC/NRVC COMPACT MEMBER JOINED DATES|
|NRVC||EFFECTIVE DATE||DLC||EFFECTIVE DATE|
|Alaska||Not a Member||Alaska||September 1986|
|California||Not a Member||California||1963|
|Connecticut||January 1981||Connecticut||January 1993|
|District of Columbia||August 1980||District of Columbia||November 1985|
|Georgia||February 1980||Georgia||Not a Member|
|Kentucky||December 1978||Kentucky||August 1996|
|Massachusetts||December 1987||Massachusetts||Not a Member|
|Michigan||Not a Member||Michigan||Not a Member|
|Missouri||October 1980||Missouri||October 1985|
|Montana||Not a Member||Montana||1963|
|New Hampshire||January 1982||New Hampshire||October 1986|
|New Jersey||July 1983||New Jersey||1966|
|New Mexico||January 1985||New Mexico||1963|
|New York||June 1982||New York||1965|
|North Carolina||September 1980||North Carolina||September 1993|
|North Dakota||July 1980||North Dakota||May 1986|
|Ohio||January 1985||Ohio||October 1987|
|Oregon||Not a Member||Oregon||1963|
|Pennsylvania||July 1979||Pennsylvania||October 1994|
|Rhode Island||April 1986||Rhode Island||January 1987|
|South Carolina||January 1981||South Carolina||August 1987|
|South Dakota||May 1980||South Dakota||November 1987|
|Tennessee||September 1984||Tennessee||’65/’97 dropped out|
|Texas||January 1982||Texas||September 1993|
|Vermont||October 1985||Vermont||October 1987|
|West Virginia||July 1978||West Virginia||July 1972|
|Wisconsin||Not a Member||Wisconsin||Not a Member|
|Wyoming||July 1987||Wyoming||May 1987|
|View Compact DLC Procedures Manual (This document is in PDF format. You will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader- software to view the document).||Adobe Acrobat Reader- software can be downloaded from www.Adobe.com|
|The information provided on www.CaliforniaDUIhelp.com is not legal advice, but general information related to DUI and DWI issues.|